Allthough at first sight the issue of children’s access to adoption records appears both narrow and arguably clear in international law, it is an issue which raises fundamental questions. When a child is adopted in USA, the adoptee’s original birth certificate and the records from the adoption proceedings are placed under seal. Almost every state has enacted legislation to permanently seal these records. Access by children to records of adoption is pe is perceived as opening ‘Pandora’s Box’, risking traumas between the adopted child and the adoptive and birth parents. Moreover even adult adoptess do not have right to access their birth records.